Brazilian dances

Samba

Samba The roots of Samba begin in the state Bahia. The dance was born from the influence of African rhythms adapted to the reality of Brazilian slaves, and with time went through many changes in choreography as well as in music.

In the XVI century the Portuguese brought to Brazil many slaves from Angola and Congo which took from Africa such dances as Catarete, Embolada and Batuque.

After slavery cancellation in the middle of XIX century local people began to move in the direction of the capital, Rio-de-Janeiro.

Having settled in the suburbs of Rio-de-Janeiro, they became the main of the African rhythms.

In the twenties and thirties first schools of Samba started to open. In this period appeared first carnivals that became traditional for the suburbs of big cities. Every year the number of schools grew, more and more of them took part in these carnivals. Each school contributed its part to the style of Samba which made new tendencies of this dance appear (samba de roda, carnival samba, samba bahiana, samba pagoje, samba reggae and many others).

The rhythms of Samba are very popular and are easily modified making new dances - Lambada, Macarena. Different kinds of Samba - from Baion (or Bajao) to Marcha - are danced at the carnival in Rio-de-Janeiro.

Samba includes Latin typical distinct hip movements. The true character of Samba is fun and flirt, easiness and speed.

The origin of name Samba is unknown although Zambo means a child of a black man and a Brazilian woman (mulatto), probably this is one of the variants of transformation of this word.

As for today the traditional Brazilian carnival is the distinctive feature of the country, a breath taking sight both for tourists and local people.