Brazilian music

Brazil became the musical country thanks to the origin: Indians played bamboo flutes, Portuguese have brought with themselves the singers and guitarists, and Africans - various and exciting rhythms. African music has been delivered in first hundred years of existence of a colony and enriched thanks to contacts to the Portuguese music. In the country unusually various, beautiful and freakish music has had development.

As diverse there was also a world of musical instruments.

"Orchestra" changes depending on an executed musical direction and can total more than 20 various instruments simultaneously.

At our school students have a possibility to get acquainted with many of them.

Short about the most popular traditional Brazilian instruments:

Brazilian music Agogo

gogo - is the instrument consisting from two - three two-tones hand bells without the languages connected by the metal bent handle. Sounds from it take a wooden stick.

gogo plays the basic rhythmic drawings, bringing accurate metal sounds which underline a rhythm of drums; sometimes supplements melodies sonorous straw.





Brazilian music Alfaia

Alfai - is the big wooden drum from two parties closed by a thick skin. Publishes very low, but a loud sound. The skin tension depends on a tension of the bound cords along the tool case.

Play this drum two thick sticks. It is the basic tool in Maracatu de Baque Virado.

Became popular in the early nineties thanks to that have been involved by various musicians of modern music. Now it is used not only in traditional directions such as: maracatu, afoshe, but also modern - funkeada, embolada and others.



Brazilian music Cuica

The Brazilian musical instrument from group of the frictional drums, most often applied in a samba. The sound published by it, is similar to a screaming human voice.

At cuica usually metal or wooden case in the form of the cylinder, a leather membrane in diameter of 6-10 centimeters to which centre by threads the wooden core (a bamboo stick) from within is adhered. The musician, with the gripped slice of a matter, rubs a stick upwards and downwards, pressing a thumb of other hand on a leather membrane from an outer side. Under the influence of a friction the drum skin starts to vibrate. Tone of a sound changes depending on degree of pressure upon a membrane. Cuica plays the important role in a traditional Brazilian dance music.

Brazilian music Apito

Apito - is a wooden or plastic whistle. The Brazilian musicians not only signal with its help the termination of a melody or rhythm change, but also give out the whole solo parts. The musician can conduct simultaneously a rhythm on Alfaia or Surdo and to accompany on Apito.







Brazilian music Ganza

Ganza - is a metal shaker in the form of the unary or dual tube, soldered from different directions, filled small stones or in fraction. At stirring creates sonorous rustling. Game on the tool seems idle time, but a lot of force and good feeling of a rhythm demands from the executor.







Brazilian music Cavaquinho

Cavaquinho (cavaco) - is superficially resembles a guitar, but three times it is less on the size. This instrument popular in Portugal and Brazil. Cavaquinho - is the prototype of the Hawaiian guitar. It is the instrument of all with four strings which have been adjusted as four top strings of a usual guitar. In the world it is known thanks to a direction of music of Bosanova.

Brazilian music Tamborim

Tamborim - is a small highly adjusted tambourine with a plastic membrane in diameter of 6 inches. It play a plastic stick or a brush consisting of twigs of nylon. Holding its one hand, developing downwards and upwards, strike a stick, taking sounds. It not only holds a rhythm, but also places accents in samba melodies.







Brazilian music Timbal

Timbal - is a cone-shaped drum, on the one hand with a plastic membrane. Has an accurate sonorous sound and a strong bass to which at times reminds the West African instrument Dzhambe.

Happens wooden and plastic, on a support and on a belt, the different sizes. Play it hands, it gives the chance to make set of sounds: from deep, but accurate deaf knock to high sonorous accent.





Brazilian music Surdo

Surdo - is a very deep, loud Brazilian bass two-headed drum. It is made of metal or a thin tree, "head" are covered by a goat skin (today - often plastic). It is necessary in a samba-parades. A sound take a wooden beater and a hand or two beaters.

This heart and pulse of any orchestra of batucada. Holds the basic rhythm on which all other instruments are based.





Brazilian music Agbe

gbe - is the African instrument which has strongly become stronger in Brazil. It is made of the dried up pumpkin from above fitted by a grid from beads. At concussion of this tool the characteristic rustling sound turns out.

The sound very loud, in sub sounding does not require, therefore we will not replace in an orchestra from Alfaia and other loud drums.





Brazilian music Repinique

Repinique - is a small drum on a belt. A membrane from plastic in diameter of 10-12 inches. Sounds are taken by means of one wooden stick. In Rio there are variants of repinique where sounds are taken from two parties by means of plastic sticks. Is the constant tool in samba orchestras. Supervises over changes of a rhythm of all orchestra and executes solo drawings.