Music

Music - is an integral part of capoeira, that lets to players know how to behave in the Roda during this or that moment. Music dictates rate and mood of game. It can set on or besiege a course of game. Texts of songs contain plots from history of capoeira, the amusing moments of game and are often devoted to great masters and players of the past. The majority of the tools used in capoeira, have the African origin.

Berimbau - the dominating tool. Berimbau dictates a rhythm and character of the game happening in the Roda. Berimbau is made of a tree of firm breeds. Traditionally for this purpose use Brazilian tree biriba. The length of berimbau makes approximately 1.5 meters with the steel string tense on it (arame). A string usually take from a cord from an old tire cover. For strengthening a sound to a staff fix the dried up and empty pumpkin - cabaca. Sounds of berimbau take a thin wooden stick, about 40 centimeters at length - baqueta. Height of a sound change by means of a special stone or a copper coin (dobrao). As it is necessary to mention about percussion additive - small wicker basket filled by seeds (it is usual from the same pumpkin). It refers caxixi. All some sounds as a result turn out, but to master berimbau absolutely uneasy.



There are three kinds of berimbau:

Berimbau Gunga: berimabu with the biggest cabaca, has a deep timbre and plays a role of a bass. Holds the basic rhythm.

Berimbau Medio: is an average from three of berimbau on the size of cabaca and to a range. Helps to hold a rhythm. Sometimes plays a rhythm, return to the core.

Berimbau Viola (violinha): has the most sonorous timbre, is responsible syncopation (moving of a strong share on weak) and improvisation in music. Basically plays free improvisation.

Traditional rhythms of berimbau:

- Angola

- Sao Bento Pequeno

- Sao Bento Grande de Angola

- Benguela

- Jogo de Dentro

- Cavalaria

- Idalina

- Amazonas

- Regional (Sao Bento Grande de Bimba)

- Santa Maria (Tico-Tico)

- Iuna

- Samba de Roda

Pandeiro - one of variants of widespread tambourine in the world, tambourine. The rhythm of pandeiro supplements sounding of atabaque.

Its origin remove from India. There from it has got to Iberian peninsula, and already much later Portuguese have brought it on coast of Brazil. This tool enriches a melody, as well as caxixi on berimbao. Emphasizes a rhythm of music.

Pandeiro it is widely used not only in capoeira, but also in the Brazilian music. Such dances as coco de roda (coco de roda), maracatu (maracatu), samba (samba) - are executed under accompaniment of pandeiro.



Atabaque - was known across all Africa. Atabaques was delivered to Brazil by Portuguese. Since then it began to be used on religious holidays and ceremonies. It is the big wooden drum with the leather tense on it. Its long form ss considered, that, symbolizes a body of the person.